Ayurveda 阿育吠陀

神奇的大自然馈赠-姜黄系列一Magic Gift of the Nature-turmeric

2017-09-28 08:27:42 justyoga 13


姜黄,在印地语中被称为“Haldi”或“Haridra”。它是印度传统医疗体系阿育吠陀中人们最熟悉也最常用的草药之一。它也是在印度以及其他南亚和东南亚国家的烹饪中最广泛使用的香料,特别在制作咖喱时。

Turmeric, also called Haldi or Haridra in Hindi, is one of the most well-known and commonly used herbs in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian Medicinal system. It is also a widely used spice in the cuisines of India and many other countries of southern and southeastern Asia, especially for curries.


药用属性

Medicinal Properties


从阿育吠陀的角度来讲,姜黄具有刺激血液的生成和循环的作用。因此,所有和血液、血浆有关的疾病都会用到它,特别是由于Pitta和Kapha所引起的疾病。姜黄促进血液流动的特性可以祛湿增热。其强大的效力可对治身体的衰弱,从而使它成为非常有效的滋补品。其黄色的根茎代表它是治疗肝脏问题的草药。小剂量的姜黄可以净化肝脏和血液。其温热的属性可以用来减少体内的Vata和Kapha。大剂量的姜黄则可以增加体内的Pitta。因为肝脏的热性与肌腱和韧带的松弛度有关,所以瑜伽习练者会用姜黄辅助拉伸韧带和修复损伤。

From ayurvedic perspective, turmeric stimulates blood formation and circulation. Therefore, it is used in all blood and blood plasma related disorders, especially those due to Pitta and Kapha. Its ability tomove the blood dries dampness and increases heat as well. Its strong nature reduces and treats weakness, thus making it a very effective tonic. Its yellow color suggests it can be used as a liver herb. A small dose cleanses the liver and blood. Its heat alleviates Vata and Kapha. A large dose aggravates Pitta. Yogis use turmeric to help stretch ligaments and repair injury, because the heat in liver is connected tolaxity of the tendons and ligaments.


血液的净化剂 Blood Purifier

和阿育吠陀的理论一致,科学家们发现姜黄可以增强血液的循环并降低血液的粘稠度,从而使血液可以更有效地进入并净化淋巴系统和所有的血管和组织。姜黄这种促进血液流动和净化的性能对于治疗关节炎和痛经也同样有效。

Consistent with the teaching in Ayurveda, scientists discovered that turmeric improves circulation and thins the blood, giving the blood subtle quality to enter and clean the lymphatic system as well as all vessels and tissues. Turmeric's blood moving and clearing properties are also effective in treating arthritis and menstrual pain. 



消炎剂 Anti-Inflammatory 

作为一种安全的消炎剂,姜黄已经被使用了几千年之久。人们发现姜黄中的姜黄素正是在分子水平上击退炎症的生物活性物质。姜黄素是一种非常强效的消炎剂,它的消炎效果甚至可以和一些消炎药物相媲美。

Turmeric has been used for thousands of years as a safe anti-inflammatory in many ailments. It turns out that curcumin is the bioactive substance that fights inflammation at the molecular level. As an anti-inflammatory, curcumin is so powerful that it matches the effectiveness of some anti-inflammatory drugs. 


抗氧化剂和抗衰老剂 Antioxidant and Anti-aging

氧化损伤被认为是衰老和很多疾病的成因之一。姜黄素不仅可以中和体内的自由基,而且可以提升身体自身的抗氧化机制。目前,姜黄素已经成为一种非常流行的抗衰老营养品。

Oxidative damage is believed to be one of the mechanisms behind aging and many diseases. Curcumin is not only neutralizes free radicals, but also boosts the body’s own antioxidant mechanisms. Nowadays, curcumin has become very popular as an anti-aging supplement.


其它药用属性 Other Medicinal Properties

除了以上所述的药用属性外,姜黄还有数不胜数的其它药理学功效,如:增强体质药、止痛药、驱肠虫药、抗关节炎药、抗菌药、抗癌药、抗真菌药、抗细菌药、抗血小板药、补血药、壮骨药、排气剂、利胆药、解毒药、消化剂、调经药、降血糖药、降血脂药、助排卵药、护肤药、健脾药、血管舒张药、创伤愈合剂、抗过敏药、抗菌药、镇痉药、开胃药、止血药、心血管用药、利尿剂、兴奋剂。

Besides the above mentioned medicinal properties, turmeric still has countless of other pharmacological effects, such as: alterative, analgesic, anthelminthic,  antiarthritic, antibacterial, anticarcinogenic, antifungal, antimicrobial, antiplatelet, antipruritic, blood-thinner, blood-tonic, bone-tonic, carminative, cholagogue, detoxicant, digestive, emmenogogue, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, induces ovulation, skin-tonic, spleen-tonic, vasodilator, vulnerary, anti-allergic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetizer, astringent, cardiovascular, diuretic, stimulant.

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