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Blog/博客

Blog/博客

瑜伽说 | 婆罗多舞手印-身与心的连接 Bharatanatyam Mudra-the union of body & mind

2016-10-31 12:16:59 justyoga 12




何为手印 What is mudra?
手印被广泛运用于瑜伽和舞蹈中。在瑜伽里手印是向内的沟通方式,用于配合调息,刺激人体参与呼吸,影响身体的能量流的不同部分。不同的手印可以开启你内心的不同层面,增长智慧,更代表一种稳定,一种平静,是身与心,心与灵,身与宇宙的连接

Mudras are found in both Yoga and dance and there are used for internal communication in Yoga,mudras are used in conjunction with pranayama (yogic breathing exercises), to stimulate different parts of the body involved with breathing and to affect the flow of prana in the body. different mudra can open different levels of your inner heart,improve wisdom. Moreover on behalf of a stable, a peace, is the connection between body and heart, heart and soul, body and universe.


在舞蹈中,手印是一种向外的表达方式,婆罗多舞中的手印是这种舞蹈艺术中高度发达的艺术呈现,是和神灵沟通的一种科学方式,在许多不同的场合都会运用到,如哑剧的动作表现,情感和情绪的传达,内在气质的彰显,以及神性的不同形式展现。

while madrus are used for communicating externally in dance.The Hastha Mudras or hand gestures of Bharatanatyam are a very highly developed aspect of the art and are a science of communication with the Divine. They are used for a variety of reasons such as to mime the meaning of the song, convey deeper feelings, bring out inherent qualities, invoke the myriad forms of the Divine.

 (Radha Narayanan: 图中拍摄人物为婆罗舞者 Person shown in the picture is a Bharatanatyam dancer)










手势的分类 Classification of gesture:
婆罗多舞的手势分为两种:
ASAMYUTHA HASTHA  - 单手手势
SAMYUTHA HASTHA  - 双手手势

Hand gestures of Bharatanatyam are classified as
ASAMYUTHA HASTHA  - Single hand gestures
SAMYUTHA HASTHA  - Double hand gestures

 
ASAMYUTHA  HASTHA  - 单手手势
 
单手手势总共有28种,每个手势定义了一个称为它的使用。手势可以表达一定的手语,单手手势类似于语言中的单词,可以表达很多不同内容,类似单词本身的词性及含义。

There are 28 Asamyutha Hasthas, Each Hastha has a defined usage called Viniyoga and express a certain sign language, Asamyutha Hasthas similar to words in the language, can express a lot of different contents.


Pataka ,四指伸直,大拇指内扣于掌心,
意思是“开始,旗帜,敬畏,森林,云层,河流,国王,前进......”60多种解释
Tri-pataka,在pataka 的基础上,弯曲无名指,
表示“牛,树,箭,雷,火焰”。
Ardha-pataka,在tri-pataka的基础上再弯曲小指,
表示“树叶,河床,同时,高塔,动物的角”

Pataka, four fingers straight, keep the thumb in the palm, means"the beginning, the banner, the fear, the forest, the clouds, the river, the king, forward..." more than 60 kinds of explanation
Tri-pataka, on the basis of pataka, curved ring finger, means "cow, tree, arrow, thunder, fire".
Ardha-pataka,  bend the little finger on the basis of tri-pataka,means " the leaves, the riverbed, at the same time, the tower, the angle of animal"


 
 SAMYUTHA HASTHA - 双手手势 
 
 共有24种,是多个单手手势的组合,类似于语言中的词组,句子。There are 24 Samyutha Hasthas,
Similar to the phrases, sentences of language,is the combination of  Asamyutha Hasthas.


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