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揭开昆达里尼的现代神话 (V) Kundalini Modern Mythology Unravelled

2017-03-17 12:21:12 justyoga 23

             Chakras             

脉轮 

In the previous article of this series, we talked about “nadis”. Nadis are basically the pathways through which the pranic energy is moving in our system. The pranic energy and nadis are both in your pranamaya kosha, the subtle energy body. Totally, there are 727 million nadis in our energy body. 

在上一篇文章中,我们讨论了“气脉”。气脉就是我们身体里生命能量流动的路径。生命能量和气脉都位于我们身体的精微的能量层。在能量层中,存在着727,000,000条气脉。

 However, among the 727 million nadis, there is one nadi called “sushumna”. It starts from the base of the spine and goes all the way up along the spine to the crown of the head. When kundalini energy is awakened, it will go up through sushumna to the top of the head and eventually enlightenment happens. In this sense, sushumna is considered as the most important nadi within us.

而在这727,000,000条气脉当中,有一条气脉被称为“中脉”(sushumna)。它始于脊柱的底部,并沿着脊柱一直向上到达头顶。当昆达里尼能量被唤醒时,它会沿着中脉到达头顶,最终使人达到开悟的状态。从这种意义上讲,中脉被认为是我们体内最重要的一条气脉。


Besides nadis, there are also many energy centers in your pranamaya kosha. These energy centers are called “chakras” in Sanskrit. These chakras begin from the toes of your feet, and extend all the way to the crown of your head. No one knows how many chakras exist in your body. The ancient texts have given us the names around 27 chakras. Out of these 27 chakras, seven are along the “sushumna”, the spiritual spinal column. These are considered as the major or principle chakras. And they are also the chakras we’re going to focus on here.

除了气脉之外,在我们的能量层里还有许多能量的中心。这些能量中心被称为“脉轮”,梵文叫做“chakra”。这些脉轮从头到脚遍及我们的全身。没有人知道身体里到底有多少个脉轮。在印度的古典文献中给出名字的脉轮有27个。而在这27个脉轮中,有七个在我们的灵性脊柱,即中脉上。它们被认为是最主要的脉轮。我们这里所讲的也主要是这7个脉轮。


Basically, chakras perform two functions in our life. One is as energy centers. And the other one which a lot of modern literature ignores is as karmic centers. In other words, all the past memories, including those causing pains and pressures to us, are stored in the chakras. Therefore, ancient texts recommend us to purify the chakras of all the negative karmic energies before we do anything to awaken the kundalini energy. If kundalini energy is awakened without purification of chakras, the awakened kundalini will powerfully cleanse the chakras, which can be a very painful experience sometimes. To cleanse the chakras, meditation is one of the many ways.

脉轮在我们的生命中有两个基本的功能。一是作为能量的中心的功能。而另一个被很多现代文献所忽略的,则是它们作为业力的中心的功能。换句话说就是,所有关于过去的记忆,包括那些使我们痛苦或带给我们压力的记忆,都储存在这些脉轮当中。因此,印度的古典文献中建议人们在试图唤醒昆达里尼能量之前,要先净化脉轮中所有负面的业力能量。如果在昆达里尼能量被唤醒时脉轮没有被净化,那么在唤醒的昆达里尼能量的猛烈冲击下脉轮就会被迫得到净化,而这有可能会带来非常痛苦的体验。要净化脉轮,冥想是众多方法中的一种。

Before we go into each chakra, one underlying concept should be understood. The concept is that an individual is also divine. The relationship between an individual and the divine is just like the relationship between a wave and the ocean. When the ocean rises above, we call it “wave”, but it’s essentially the ocean itself and it cannot exist without the ocean. Similarly, what we call as an individual is like a wave on the ocean of the divine. 

在我们开始讲解每一个脉轮之前,有一个基本的概念需要理解。这个概念就是:每一个个体都具有神性。个体与神的关系就好像浪花与大海的关系一样。当大海向上涌起时,我们就把它称为“浪花”,而本质上浪花就是大海。没有大海,浪花也就不存在。同样道理,我们所说的个体就好像是神性海洋里的浪花。

Even though we have different existence, names, social status, social identities, etc., we’re all inseparably connected with the divine. We came from the divine and will go back to the divine. Inherently, we’re the divine. The divine energy is always presenting inside of us. That divine energy is called “kundalini”. As long as we forget that we’re the divine, we will have a lot of problems, pain, pressure, etc. in life. But once the kundalini energy is awakened, we’ll realize we’re divine, thus we’ll be beyond all the pains, problems, etc.

虽然我们有不同的身体、不同的姓名、不同的社会地位和社会身份等,但是我们都和神有着不可分割的联系。我们从神性而来,也将回归于神性。从本质上来说,我们就是神。神性的能量也始终存在于我们体内。这种神性的能量就是“昆达里尼”。当我们忘记自己具有神性时,就会被问题、痛苦和压力所困扰。而一旦我们的昆达里尼能量被唤醒,我们就会意识到我们的神性,从而就能超越所有的痛苦和问题。


Accordingly, even though we’ll talk about the locations of the chakras, strictly speaking, chakras do not belong to the individual. Chakras are basically cosmic energy centers. We only find reflections of those chakras in each individual. Therefore, there is a close relationship between the planets or star constellations around us, and how chakras are functioning within us. In another word, there is a close relationship between astrology and chakra wisdom. For example, based on a person’s birth sign, we can tell which chakra will be predominant in this person’s life.

相应地,虽然我们将会谈到脉轮的位置,但是严格来说,脉轮并不属于某个个体。脉轮其实是宇宙能量的中心。位于每一个个体当中的,只是这些脉轮在个体中的反射而已。因此,我们周围的行星或星座与我们体内脉轮的运行有着紧密的联系。换言之,占星学与脉轮的知识是相关的。例如,根据某人出生时的星座,我们可以知道在此人生命中占主导地位的脉轮是哪一个。

Now let’s look at each of the seven major chakras on sushumna. These chakras are also the ones that kundalini energy will pierce through to reach the crown of the head when it is awakened. From bottom to top, they are Muladhara (root) chakra, Swadhisthana (sacral) chakra, Manipuraka (solar plexus) chakra, Anahata (heart) chakra, Vishuddha (throat) chakra, Ajna (third eye) chakra, and Sahasrara (crown) chkara.

现在我们就来看看在中脉上的那七个主要脉轮。这七个脉轮也正是昆达里尼能量被唤醒后,将要穿过从而到达头顶的七个脉轮。由下至上,它们分别是根轮、腹轮、脐轮、心轮、喉轮、眉心轮和顶轮。


Root chakra, or muladhala chakra, is the first of the seven chakras. It is at the base of the spine and at the midpoint between the genitals and the anus, which is also known as perineum in terms of anatomy. It is where the sleeping kundalini energy is located. The kundalini energy wraps itself in three and a half coils here. The three coils symbolize sattva, rajas and tamas. And the remaining half coil symbolizes the ability to transcend sattva, rajas and tamas to divine. The kundalini energy is described as the color of lightening.

这七个脉轮中的第一个是根轮或海底轮(muladhala chakra)。它位于脊柱的底端,生殖器与肛门的正中间。在解剖学上。这个位置被称为“会阴”。沉睡着的昆达里尼能量就位于这一脉轮。昆达里尼能量在这里盘绕成三圈半。其中的三圈代表着悦性、激性和惰性这三大属性,而剩下的那半圈则代表着可以超越这三种属性而到达神性的能力。昆达里尼能量被描述成闪电的颜色。

This chakra is visualized as a red color lotus flower with four petals. Earth element is the predominant energy in this chakra. And the sound for earth element is “Lam”. The chakra is associated with the sense of smell. And the organ of action is feet. Generally this chakra is predominant in a person’s life from birth to the age of eight.

这一脉轮被观想成一朵四个花瓣的红色莲花。土元素是这一脉轮的主导能量。关于土元素的唱诵是“Lam”。与根轮相关的感觉器官是嗅觉。而与根轮相关的行动器官是脚。通常来讲,这一脉轮在一个人0-8岁时其主导作用。

Since earth element is in this chakra, this chakra influences the health of everything that is the representative of earth element in your body, such as bones, muscles, teeth, etc. This chakra influences your thoughts about how connected you feel to this existence. So when we meditate on the root chakra, it develops natural strength of the body and gives us long life.

由于土元素位于这一脉轮,所以此脉轮会影响土元素所代表的身体部位的健康状况,比如骨头、肌肉、牙齿等。此脉轮也影响着人们与自我的联结感。所以对根轮的冥想可以增强身体的力量并使人长寿。

The next chakra is swadhisthana chakra, or sacral chakra. It’s located at the genital organ. It is visualized as an orange color lotus flower with six petals. This chakra is the location for water element energy. “Vam” is the seed sound for water element. The sensory organ associated with this chakra is taste, and the motor organ is organ of reproduction. Generally, this energy becomes operational from age 8 onwards. Up to age 16, it will be predominant. This chakra is responsible for the pranic circulation within the body and influences the creativity part of us. When we meditate on this chakra, it frees us from diseases, produce a lot of vitality, sensitivity, and artistic ability, and makes one attractive to the opposite sex.

下一个脉轮是腹轮(swadhisthana chakra)。它位于生殖器的位置。它被观想成一朵橘色的六瓣莲花。这一脉轮是水元素所在的位置,而“Vam”是水元素的种子唱诵。与这一脉轮相关的感觉器官是味觉,行动器官是生殖器官。通常情况下,这一脉轮的能量从8岁开始运行,而一直到16岁,这一脉轮的能量都处于主导地位。腹轮负责身体里生命能量的循环,也影响着我们的创造力。对此脉轮的冥想可以使我们远离疾病,同时也可以增强活力、敏感度和艺术创造力,并且使人在异性眼中充满魅力。


The third chakra is located in the navel region. This is known as manipuraka chakra. This is represented as a yellow color lotus flower with ten petals. The element related to this chakra is fire, and the mantra for fire element is “Ram”. The related sensory organ is sight, and the related motor organ is the organ of excretion. This chakra is about one’s personality. Meditation on this chakra increases one’s natural immunity. It also releases certain uncommon powers of authority, command, organization, and increases personal charisma.

第三个脉轮位于肚脐的位置。它被称为脐轮(manipuraka chakra)。代表脐轮的是一朵黄色的十瓣莲花。与这一脉轮相关的元素是火元素,而关于火元素的唱诵是“Ram”。与这一脉轮相关的感觉器官是视觉,行动器官是排泄器官。这一脉轮与人的个性有关。对这一脉轮进行冥想可以增强人体的免疫力,同时也能产生超凡的威信力、指挥能力和管理能力,并增加个人魅力。

The fourth chakra is at the heart region called heart chakra, or anahata chakra. it is visualized as a lotus flower consisting of twelve petals. Green is the color of this lotus. Air element is the predominant energy in this chakra. The bija for air element is “Yam”. Hands are the motor organ related to this chakra. And the sensory organ of touch is connected to this chakra. This chakra generally influences predominantly from age of 24 to 32. When we meditate on this chakra, this chakra will boost beauty and personal magnetism. Also meditation on this chakra also gives us extra sensory perception, poetic powers and extraordinary writing abilities.

第四个脉轮位于心脏的位置,它被称为心轮(anahata chakra)。它被观想为一朵十二瓣的绿色莲花。气元素是这一脉轮的主导能量。气元素的种子唱诵是“Yam”。与这一脉轮相关的行动器官是手,感觉器官是触觉。这一脉轮通常会在24-32岁这段时间对人影响最大。对这一脉轮的冥想会使人更美丽并增加吸引力,同时也可以给我们带来额外的感受力,以及非凡的诗歌与写作能力。

The fifth chakra, vishuddha chakra, is at the throat region. This is the place of space element energy, and the mantra for space element is “Ham”. It is visualized as a blue color lotus consisting of 16 petals. The faculty of listening is the sensory organ related to this chakra. And the organ of action is speech. When we meditate on this chakra, we develop the power to go to the deeper state of meditation. We also receive extraordinary power to explain things and clarify things. Revelation of knowledge beyond words also happens when we meditate on this chakra.

第五个脉轮是喉轮(vishuddha chakra)位于喉咙的位置。这是空元素所在的脉轮,而空元素的种子唱诵是“Ham”。这一脉轮被观想成一朵有十二个花瓣的蓝色莲花。与这一脉轮相关的感觉器官是听觉,而行动器官是言语。对这一脉轮的冥想可以使人进入更深层次的冥想状态,也会收获非凡的讲解和阐述事物的能力,并能获得超越语言的知识。

Next chakra is third eye chakra, or ajna chakra. The location is a little bit above the midpoint of eyebrows. When kundalini ascends to this location, we’ve already transcended the five elements. So psychic mind is considered as the element for this chakra. The mantra for this chakra is “Om”. All sensory organs and all organs of action are related to this chakra. When we meditate deeply on this chakra, sometimes we get healing powers and a lot of intuitive wisdom. Some people even receive the power to see past, present and future. This chakra is visualized as a lotus flower consisting of two petals in indigo color.

下一个脉轮是眉心轮(ajna chakra)。它的位置在两眉之间的中点稍微偏上一点。当昆达里尼能量上升到这一脉轮时,我们就超越了五大元素。所以,灵性的思想是这一脉轮的元素,而这一脉轮相关的唱诵是“Om”。所有的感觉器官和所有的行动器官都和这一脉轮相关。当我们对这一脉轮进行深入地冥想时,有时我们会获得治愈的能力以及很多直觉带来的智慧。有些人甚至可以通过对此脉轮的冥想获得通晓过去、现在和未来的能力。这一脉轮被观想成一朵两个花瓣的靛蓝色莲花。

The last one is the crown chakra, or sahasrara chakra. As we mentioned before, the pranic body within which chakras exist is slightly larger than the physical body. So the seventh chakra is located slightly above the top of the crown where is outside the physical body, but within the energy body. Even though the word “sahasrara” literally means “thousand”, it doesn’t literally mean the lotus representing this chakra has exactly one thousand petals, but rather it has infinite number of petals. Once kundalini reaches sahasrara chakra, we will experience what we call as “universal consciousness”. This is known as “self-realization”, “nirvana”, etc. All the organs, all the colors, all the principles, etc. are inside this chakra. Because “Om” is the source of all mantras, it is used as the mantra for this chakra. Although it has all the colors, for the sake of visualization, this chakra is visualized as a lotus flower in purple or violet color.

最后一个是顶轮(sahasrara chakra)。之前我们说过,脉轮所处的能量层比肉身层稍微大一些。而这第七个脉轮就位于头顶部稍微往上一点的位置。这一位置不在肉身层之内,但是却在能量层内。虽然“sahasrara”一词的字面意思是“一千”,但是这并不意味着代表这一脉轮的莲花有一千个花瓣,而实际上这朵莲花有无数瓣花瓣。当昆达里尼能量一旦到达顶轮,我们就会体验到所谓的“宇宙意识”。这一过程被称为“自我觉悟”、“涅槃”等等。所有的感官,所有的颜色,所有的性情都存在与这一脉轮中。因为“Om”是一切唱诵之源,所以它被作为这一脉轮的唱诵。虽然这一脉轮包括所有的颜色,但是为了观想的需要,我们会把这一脉轮想象成一朵紫色的莲花。


end......

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