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揭开昆达里尼的现代神话 (Ⅳ) Mythology Unravelled

2017-03-17 12:31:28 justyoga 22


             Nadis             

气脉 

In the previous article, we talked about Pranamaya Kosha and pranic energy. Pranamaya kosha is one of the five koshas of our existence, and it’s also the link between the physical body and the other three subtle bodies. The pranic energy is moving throughout our system. The pathways through which the pranic energy is moving is known as “nadis”. In this article, we’re going to talk about the nadis and its relationship with kundalini.

在前面的文章中,我们谈到了身体的能量层以及生命能量。能量层是我们个体存在的五大层次之一,同时也是物质身体与其它三层精微身体之间的联结。生命能量在我们整个身体系统中流动着。而生命能量流动的路径就被称为“气脉”(nadis)。在这篇文章中,我们就来谈谈气脉以及它与昆达里尼之间的关系。

“Nadi” is a Sanskrit word coming from the root “nad” which means “flow”. There are two kinds of nadis. They are gross (or physical) nadis and subtle nadis. The gross nadis include nerves, vessels, tubes, lymphatic system, etc. All of these are the physical part. The subtle nadis are invisible energy channels. They are again divided into two categories: manovahi” nadis and “chittavahi” nadis. “Manovahi” nadis are related to the mind, and “chittvahi” nadis are related to the sense of being, or sense of oneself.


“Nadi”(即“气脉”)是一个梵文词汇,它来自词根“nad”,而“nad”的意思就是“流动”。气脉分两种,粗糙层面(或者物质层面)的气脉和精微层面的气脉。粗糙层面的气脉包括神经、血管、淋巴系统等等。这些都是由物质组成的。精微层面的气脉是无法看不到的能量通道。它们又被分成两类,即“manovahi”和“chittavahi”。其中“manovahi”与头脑有关,而“chittavahi”则与个体的感觉有关。

Gross nadi

物质层面

Sutble nadi

精神层面

Totally, there are more than 727 million nadis in the body. Out of the 727 million nadis, 72,000 nadis have been identified by the ancient medical system in India known as “Ayuveda”. Out of the 72,000 nadis, 108 nadis are considered as important. Many ancient yogi practices named 14 of these 108 nadis. Out of these 14 nadis, there are 3 nadis which are called “yoga nadis”. These 3 yoga nadis help us realize the true divine potential within us. These three yoga nadis are “sushumna”, “ida” and ”pingala”.

人体中共有727,000,000条气脉。在这727,000,000条气脉当中,印度古老医学“阿育吠陀”识别出了其中的72,000条。而在这72,000条气脉中,有108条被认为是重要的气脉。在古老的瑜伽修行中,这108条气脉中的14条被命了名。而在这14条气脉中,有三条被称为“瑜伽气脉”。这三条“瑜伽气脉”可以帮助我们了解我们内在真正的神圣潜能。这三条气脉就是“中脉”(sushumna)、“左脉”(ida)和“右脉”(pingala)。



Sushumna begins at the base of the spine and goes all the way up to the crown of the head. It is the most important nadi in our system. Let me explain why. Inside all of us, there is a divine potential. This divine potential is known as “kundalini”. Kundalini is nothing but extremely concentrated pranic energy. Even though we all have this energy, not all this energy is active at all time. This divine potential is usually sleeping at the base of the spine.

中脉从脊柱的底端开始,一直向上延伸到头顶。它是人体中最重要的一条气脉。让我来解释一下为什么这么说。在我们每个人的内在,都蕴含着一种神圣的潜能。这种神圣的潜能就是“昆达里尼”。“昆达里尼”其实就是高度密集的生命能量。虽然我们每个人都拥有这一能量,但是这一能量并不总是处于活跃状态。这一神圣的潜能通常都是在我们脊柱的底端处于沉睡状态的。

The objective of studying about this kundalini energy as well as chakras is to learn how to awaken this sleeping divine potential within us and guide it all the way up to the crown of the head. When the kundalini reaches the crown of the head, that is when we’re set to experience “enlightenment”. “Enlightenment” is called by different names in different traditions. For example, in Buddhist tradition, it is known as “nirvana”. In certain other traditions, it is known as “divine kingdom”. Awakened kundalini processes through one particular nadi, which is the sushumna. That’s why sushumna is considered as the most important nadi.

而学习这些关于昆达里尼以及脉轮的知识,就是为了唤醒我们内在的这一神圣潜能,并引导它一直向上到达头顶。当昆达里尼能量到达头顶时,我们就会“开悟”。“开悟”在不同的文化中,有不同的叫法。比如,在佛教中,它就被称为“涅槃”。而在另一些文化传统中,它又被称为“神圣的国度”。被唤醒的昆达里尼能量从一条特定的气脉中升起,这条特定的气脉就是“中脉”。这也就是为什么中脉被认为是最重要的气脉的原因。

Besides sushumna, there are two important nadis. The one on the left side is called ida; and the one on the right side is called pingala. Ida and pingala both begin at the base of the spine as sushumna does, and criss-cross with each other along sushumna for several times and ultimately come to the mid point between the eyebrows. Wherever the three nadis intersect, there is a chakra, or energy center. Then from the point between eyebrows, pingala goes down and exits the right nostril, and ida goes down and exits the left nostril. Only sushumna continues till the crown of the head.

除了中脉,还有两条很重要的气脉:位于左侧的左脉(ida)和位于右侧的右脉(pingala)。左脉和右脉跟中脉一样,都是始于脊柱的底端。它们沿着中脉的方向盘旋而上,相互交叉几次之后最终到达眉心的位置。而在三条气脉相交处,就是脉轮或能量中心的所在。然后,从眉心开始,右脉向下并从右鼻孔出,而左脉则向下从左鼻孔出。只有中脉继续向上到达头顶。

As we just mentioned, the right nostril is known as pingala, and the left nostril is known as ida. Pingala is also called surya nadi. It is rajasic in nature. So when you’re breathing through the right nostril, the constituent elements in the body are burn and the energy is created, then you tend to be active. Ida is also known as Chandra nadi. It is sattvic in nature, which means your mind will be more focused when the left nostril is flowing.

如刚才所述,右鼻孔属于右脉,而左鼻孔属于左脉。右脉也被称为“太阳脉”。它具有激性的特征。因此,当你用右鼻孔呼吸时,体内的组成元素正在被消耗并产生能量,而你也处于活跃的状态。左脉又被称为“月亮脉”。它具有悦性的特征,也就是说当你用左鼻孔呼吸时,你的头脑会更加专注。

Even though we have two nostrils, for most of the time, we’re breathing only through one nostril, either left or right, rather than two. Usually we breathe 15 times per minute, which translates to 900 breaths per hour. Out of these 900 breaths, only about 10 breaths happen to both nostrils. For the rest of the time, we’re breathing either through right nostril or through left nostril. When you’re breathing through the right nostril, the pingala is flowing; when breathing through the left nostril, ida is flowing. It is easy for you to check which nostril is flowing right now by placing a finger just below the nose and breathing out forcefully to the finger.

虽然我们都有两个鼻孔,但是大多数情况下,我们都只用一个鼻孔呼吸,或左或右,而不是两个鼻孔同时呼吸。我们每分钟通常呼吸15次,这样算来,一小时就呼吸900次。在这900次呼吸当中,大约只有10次是两个鼻孔同时呼吸的。而剩下的时间我们都是或左鼻孔呼吸,或右鼻孔呼吸。当我们用右鼻孔呼吸时,右脉在流动;而当用左鼻孔呼吸时,左脉在流动。想要检查我们当下是用哪个鼻孔在呼吸的话,方法很简单,只需要把一个手指放在鼻子下面,用力向手指上呼气就可以感觉出来。


Interestingly, our breathing cycle is related to the moon phases. During the first nine days of waning moon (from full moon to new moon), right nostril is dominant. And for waxing days (from new moon to full moon), left nostril is dominant. We also have a certain rhythm of breathing everyday. Usually for 60-90 minutes, one of the nostrils will be flowing. Then it switches to the other nostril to flow for another 60-90 minutes. When the dominant nostril switches from one to the other, there is a very brief interval when the breaths flow through both nostrils.

有趣的是,我们的呼吸循环规律与月相有关。在月亏期(从满月到新月)的前九天,以右鼻孔呼吸为主;而在月盈期(从新月到满月),则以左鼻孔呼吸为主。在每一天当中,我们的呼吸同样也会有一定的规律。通常一个鼻孔呼吸60到90分钟之后,换另一个鼻孔呼吸60到90分钟。在交替鼻孔呼吸时,有一个短暂的间隙,是两鼻孔同时呼吸的。


Whenever both nostrils are flowing, the sushumna is flowing. And meditation happens best when your sushumna is flowing. So in yoga practice, especially in pranayama, they teach you techniques on how to bring it to both nostrils flowing whenever you want. Sushumna automatically flows on certain specific occasions, such as at the time of dawn or dust. This is the reason why in yoga philosophy, they always teach you to meditate at dawn time and dust time. Dawn is usually two hours before the sunrise, which means about 4AM to 6AM in the morning. Therefore, it’s considered the most powerful time to meditate.

当两鼻孔同时呼吸时,中脉就处于活跃状态。而当中脉活跃时,也是最佳的冥想时间。因此,在瑜伽当中,尤其是在调息法中,会教授如何在任何时候都可以把呼吸调成两个鼻孔同时进行。中脉在某些特定的时刻也会自发地处于活跃状态,比如在黎明或黄昏时。这也是为什么瑜伽哲学中总是教导我们要在黎明和黄昏时冥想的原因。这里所说的黎明通常是指日出前两小时,也就是清晨4点到6点的时间。因此这一时间被认为是最有效的冥想时间。


to be continued......

未完待续......

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