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揭开昆达里尼的现代神话 (Ⅲ) Kundalini Modern Mythology Unravelled

2017-03-01 20:22:50 justyoga 46


 Pranamaya Kosha  

能量层

In the previous article, we mentioned that there are five layers or dimensions of our existence. The first one is Annamaya Kosha, which is the physical body. Next is Manomaya Kosha, the mental body. Manomaya Kosha includes the mind and all the senses. The third one is Vijnanamaya Kosha, the intellect body. It consists of all of our past memories, spiritual ignorance and spiritual knowledge. The next layer is Anandamaya Kosha, the blissful body. 

在前面的文章里,我们讲到人类存在的五个层次或五个维度。其中第一个维度是“肉身层”(Annamaya Kosha),它是我们物质层面的身体。接下来是“精神能量层”(Manomaya Kosha)。它是精神层面的身体,它包括了头脑和所有的感官。第三个维度是“智慧层”(Vijnanamaya Kosha),它是我们智慧层面的身体。它是由我们对于过去的记忆、无明和灵性知识组成的。接下来的一层叫做“喜悦层”(Anandamaya Kosha),即喜悦层面的身体。



Among these four koshas, the first one, Annamaya Kosha, is physical, whereas the rest of the three are subtle. However, there is a link between the physical layer and the three subtle layers. It is known as Pranamaya Kosha, the energy body. Because of its special relationship with all the other koshas, Pranamaya Kosha is very important for maintaining the health and well-being of all the five dimensions of our existence. So now let’s take a look at this Pranamaya Kosha in more details.

在这四个维度当中,第一个维度即“肉身层”是物质的,而其它三个维度则是精微的。在这一物质层与这三个精微层之间有一个联结,它就是“能量层”(Pranamaya Kosha),即能量层面的身体。由于能量层与其它身体维度之间的特殊关系,它对于保持我们身体所有五大维度的健康良好地运行都是非常重要的。因此,我们现在详细了解一下这一“能量层”吧。



The Sanskrit word “prana“ means “life force”. Prana is the life sustaining energy. The existence of prana distinguishes living beings vs. non-living beings. If prana exists in someone, the person is alive; if prana leaves, the person is dead. The concept of “prana” also exists in many other cultures. In Chinese medicine, for example, we call it as “qi”.

“能量层”(Pranamaya Kosha)中的梵文“prana”一词的意思是“生命力”,它是维持生命的能量。生命能量的存在与否是区分生命与非生命的标志。如果一个人体内有生命能量存在,他就能存活;如果生命能量不在了,他就会死去。其实在很多文化中都有生命能量这一概念。比如在中国的中医理论中,我们就把生命能量称为“气”。



Prana exists at two levels. Since pranic energy is present all around us, it is known as universal pranic energy. However, this energy around us does not help us live. To survive, we need to withdraw the pranic energy from the universe and fill our individual system as individual pranic energy. There are many ways of receiving pranic energy from the universe. For example, taking food or water, breathing and sun bathing are some ways of receiving the pranic energy. Even walking on the ground of earth with bare feet can receive the pranic energy from the ground.

生命能量有两种存在方式。由于生命能量在我们周围无处不在,它也被称为“宇宙生命能量”。然而,这种存在于我们周围的能量对于我们的生存并没有什么帮助。为了生存,我们需要吸取宇宙中的生命能量,并使它充满我们的身体,这种生命能量则被称为“个体生命能量”。从宇宙中获取生命能量的方式有很多种,比如,摄取食物和水、呼吸以及做阳光浴等等。即便赤脚在土地上走也可以从大地中获得生命能量。


In the universe, there is only one pranic energy, but once you receive the pranic energy in your system, it is divided into ten based on the different biochemical functions it’s controlling. Five of them are considered as principle pranic energies, and the other five are considered as secondary pranic energies. Now let’s take a look at what functions these pranic energies are managing in our system.

在宇宙中,只有一种生命能量存在,而一旦生命能量进入你的身体,它就会根据其所掌控的人体生化功能而被分成十种不同的类型。其中五种是主要生命能量,而另外五种是次要生命能量。接下来就让我们去看看这些不同的生命能量到底掌控着我们身体中的哪些功能。


Among the five principle pranic energies, the first one is also called “prana”. This pranic energy is in the chest and lung area. This energy manages critical functions such as cardiovascular activities and respiratory activities. Second one is called “apana”, which is in the lower abdomen region. It is responsible for release of all excretions. In the case of men, it is also responsible for release of sperm. And in the case of women, it is also responsible for child delivery and release of sexual and menstrual fluids.

在五种主要生命能量中,第一种叫做“持命气”(它的梵文名字和“生命能量”一样,都是“prana”)。它位于胸腔和肺部的区域。这一能量掌管着心血管和呼吸系统的活动等关键的人体功能。第二种主要生命能量叫“下行气”(apana),它位于我们的下腹部。它负责身体的所有排泄功能。对于男性来说,这一能量也负责精子的排出。而对于女性来说,这一能量也掌管着生产的过程,以及体液、经血的排出。



The third one is called “samana”. Samana is in the stomach area, and it controls our digestive activities. Digestive activities mean release of digestive hormones and acid, absorption of nutrients, release of energy, etc. The next one is “Udana”. It is in the face and throat region, responsible for self-expression. The last one is called “vyana”, which is present all over the body. Vyana governs skin and creates sweat. It is also responsible for blood flow and taking oxygen and energy to each and every cell in the body.

第三种能量叫做“平住气”(samana)。平住气位于胃部,它掌管着我们的消化活动。所谓的“消化活动”包括释放消化相关的荷尔蒙与胃酸,营养的吸收以及能量的释放等。接下来是“上行气”(udana),它位于面部和喉咙,负责自我表达的功能。最后一个主要生命能量叫做“遍行气”(vyana),它遍布于整个身体之中。遍行气掌管着皮肤并产生汗液。它同时也负责血液的流动,以及把氧气和能量运送到身体的每一个细胞当中。



Among the five subsidiary pranic energies, “naga” is in the mouth. Naga is what causes burping, hiccups, vomiting, etc. It is also the carrier of mind or consciousness through nerves to all the cells of the body. Next one is called “Kurma”. It is in the eyes. Kurma causes movement of the pupils and blinking of eye lids. Then comes “Krukara”, which causes hunger, thirst, coughing and sneezing. Next is Devadatta. It is what causes fatigue, tiredness, yawning and sleeping. The fifth one, Dhananjaya, is present all over the body and holds the body in its structure. In the case of women, dhananjaya works with apana specifically in child delivery process.

在五种次要生命能量中,“龙气”(naga)在人的口中,它是引起打嗝和呕吐等的能量。同时,它也负责把思想和意识通过神经传送到身体的每一个细胞中。接下来是“龟气”(kurma),它在眼睛的位置。龟气可以使眼珠转动和眨眼。然后就是“海马气”(krukara),它使我们产生饥饿、口渴的感觉,也是造成咳嗽和打喷嚏的能量。接下来是“提婆气”(devedatta),它使我们产生疲倦、劳累的感觉,并使我们打哈欠和睡觉。第五种次要生命能量是“财生气”(dhananjaya),它遍及整个身体并维持着身体的结构。对于女性来说,在整个生产的过程中,“财生气”与“下行气”都是协同工作的。



to be continued......

未完待续......

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