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揭开昆达里尼的现代神话 (ⅠⅠ) Kundalini Modern Mythology Unravelled

2017-03-01 20:21:53 justyoga 12


Five elements

五大元素


Now, let’s talk about “five elements”. It is very important to understand this concept before we can go into Kundalini, chakras, etc. In Chinese culture, there are also five elements, but they are different from the five elements we will learn here. The five elements here are space, air, fire, water and earth. Some people also call “space” as “ether”.


现在,让我们来谈谈“五大元素”。正确理解这一概念对于我们学习昆达里尼以及脉轮等知识非常重要。在中国文化里,也有五大元素(即五行)的概念,但是它和我们这里将要讲到的五大元素是不一样的。这里所说的五大元素包括空、气、火、水和土。有些人也把“空”这一元素称为“以太” 。



When we say five elements, we are not talking about anything, but rather, the states of existence for a given substance. So the same substance can exist either as earth element, water elements, or fire element, air element or space element. 


当我们说到五大元素时,我们并不是指某种物质,而是指物质的不同存在状态。所以同一种物质可以以土元素存在,也可以以水元素、火元素、气元素或空元素存在。



Let’s take an ice cube as an example. An ice cube is a very solid thing, so it is “earth” element. Now if you put the ice cube in a dish and warm it up, it will melt into water. It’s the same substance, but now it is in “water” element. When we say “water” here, we don’t mean the water we drink, but the liquid state of anything. Any liquid is basically “water” element. 


我们以冰块来举例。冰块是坚硬的固体,因此它是“土”元素。现在如果你把这块冰放在盘子里加热,那么它就会融化成水。水和冰块的物质组成是一样的,但现在它就成了“水”元素。我们这里所说的“水”并不是指我们平常所喝的水,而是指物质的液体状态。任何液体基本上都是“水”元素。



Then, if you continue to heat the water up, it becomes warm water, hot water or boiling water. It’s still the same substance, but now it’s in the fire state. Heating it up more, it becomes vapor. It’s the same substance again, but now it’s in “airy” state. After being vapor, it becomes one with the “space” or “ether” element. So remember, the same substance can be either earth element, or water element, or fire, air or space.


接下来,如果你继续把水加热,它就会变成温水、热水或开水。此时,它的物质组成仍然没有变,但是它现在已经变成“火”元素了。再继续加热,它就变成了水蒸气。它的物质组成还是一样,但是现在它变成了“气”元素。气态之后,它就和“空”或“以太”融为一体了。所以说,即便是同一种物质,它却可以以土、水、火、气、空五种不同的状态存在。



An important thing to understand is that as something goes from earth state to water state, from water to fire, from fire to air, and from air to space, you will have less control over it; on the contrary, as it comes from space state, to air, fire, water and earth state, you will have more control over it. As in previous example, when it is an ice cube, you can hold it, touch it, taste it, see it, pass it on to another person and so on. But when the ice cube melts into water, it is hard to hold the water, because water will slip out of your hand. And when water becomes vapor, you can’t even hold it.

 

关于五大元素,有一点需要理解的是:当一种物质从土元素状态到水元素状态,从水元素到火元素,从火元素到气元素,再从气元素到空元素时,我们对它的掌控力将越来越弱;相反的,当它从空元素状态到气元素、火元素、水元素以及土元素状态时,我们对它的掌控力将越来越强。比如在刚才的例子里,对于一个冰块,你可以握着它、触摸它、品尝它、用眼睛看得到它,也可以把它传递给另一个人等等。但是,当冰块化成水时,你就很难抓住它了,因为水会从指缝里流走。而当水进一步变成水蒸气时,你就根本无法抓住它了。



In the previous article of this series, we mentioned that our body is made of these five elements. Now let’s find out what is the earth element in our body, what is the water element and so on.       


在“昆达利尼瑜伽系列之一”中,我们讲到我们的身体是由五大基本元素构成的。现在我们去看看我们体内到底哪些是土元素,哪些是水元素等。



As we said earlier, earth element is anything that is solid. And the solid parts in your body are muscles, bones, teeth, organs, skin, hair, etc. They are all earth element. The Liquid parts in our body such as blood, saliva, tears, sweat, and urine are water element. 


我们之前说过,任何固态的物质都属于土元素。而我们身体里固态的成分有肌肉、骨骼、牙齿、器官、皮肤、毛发等。这些都是土元素。而我们体内的液态组成部分,比如血液、唾液、泪液、汗液和尿液都属于水元素。



As for fire element, it includes our digestive system, because digestive system is doing the same thing as fire does. When you put something into fire, fire will remove the physical aspect of the stuff, and release the energy from it. Similarly, the digestive system removes the physical aspect of food and release the energy from it. In addition, your thinking is also fire element. 


至于火元素,它包括我们的消化系统,因为消化系统所做的事情和火所做的事情完全一样。如果你把任何东西投入火焰中,火会把它的物质成分烧掉并释放出其中的能量。类似的,消化系统也是把食物中物质的成分去掉并释放出其中的能量。另外,我们的思想也属于火元素。



The air element in your body includes breathing, flatulence, etc. Finally, space elements in your body are lungs, nostrils, wind pipe, food pipe, intestines, etc. So our body is made of these five elemental energies. They’re energies which become physical substances. 


而身体里的气元素则包括呼吸、肠胃胀气等。最后,身体中的空元素包括肺部、鼻腔、气管、食管、肠道等。因此我们的身体由这五种元素能量组成。它们都是能量,而最终会变成物质



If any of the five element is not working properly, the body part pertaining to that specific element will get sick. For instance, if the earth element is not properly working in the body, then you will have problems pertaining to teeth, skin, hair, bones, etc. If your water element is not properly working, then you will have problems related to blood, urine, sweat, saliva, etc. So it’s important to understand that we need to balance and maintain the energies in the proper states.


如果这五大元素中的任何元素不能正常工作的话,和这一元素相关的身体部位就会生病。比如,如果身体里的土元素不能正常工作的话,就有可能产生与牙齿、皮肤、头发、骨骼等相关的疾病。如果身体里的水元素不能正常工作,则可能产生与血液、尿液、汗液、唾液等相关的疾病。因此,平衡与维持这五种能量,让它们处于正常状态,对我们来说是非常重要的。


Five elements

五大元素

With the knowledge of five basic elements in mind, we should also be aware of the five different dimensions of our existence. We said that body is basically made of the five elements, organs of knowledge, organs of action, and mind. However, there is another way of to look at the body. We can look at it as different dimensions of life or existence.

说起五大元素就不得不提身体的五大维度,在“昆达里尼瑜伽系列”的第一篇当中,我们了解了自己的身体。其中讲到,人体基本上是由五大基本元素、感觉器官、运动器官以及心智头脑构成。然而,还有另一种看待人体的方式。我们可以把它看成是生命或存在的不同维度。



Our physical body consists of earth, water, fire, air and space. This is known as “Annamaya Kosha”. “Kosha” means a layer or a dimension of our existence. The physical body is part of ourselves. It is basically formed and nourished by the food we are consuming. The Sanskrit word “anna” means food. So “Annamaya Kosha” basically means the layer formed by food.

我们的物质身体由土、水、火、气和空五大元素构成。它被称为“物质能量层”(Annamaya Kosha)。“Kosha”的意思是我们存在的一个层面或一个维度。物质身体是我们自身的一个层面。它的形成和维护主要靠我们所摄取的食物。梵文中“Anna”一词的意思是“食物”,所以说“Annamaya Kosha”的意思就是指由食物构成的层面。


Next, we also have organs of action. Organs of action are reporting to organs of knowledge. Organs of knowledge are actually controlled by mind. So basically mind controls these organs of knowledge and organs of action directly and indirectly. Apart from this, mind also has intellect, will and ego. The intellect is our thinking, and the will is “I want to do this”, “I don’t want to do this”, etc. So all of these things of mind, organs of knowledge and organs of action, are known as “Manomaya Kosha”. It is your mental body. Remember, you can see your physical body, but you cannot see your mind, but you know mind exists. Annamaya Kosha is physical in the sense that you can touch, see, etc., whereas Manomaya Kosha is subtle, meaning you know it’s there but you cannot see it.

接下来,我们还有运动器官。这些运动器官听命于我们的感觉器官。而感觉器官实际上是受到头脑控制的。所以说,我们的头脑直接或间接地控制着我们的感觉器官和运动器官。除此以外,头脑还包括智慧、意愿和自我。这里的智慧是指我们的思维。而意愿就是指“我想做这个”,“我不想做这个”等等。因此,头脑所包括的这些功能,以及感觉器官和运动器官构成了我们的“精神能量层”(Manomaya Kosha)。它是我们思想层面的存在。



Next one is known as “Vijnanamaya Kosha”. Vijnanamaya Kosha is our intellect body. It has three conponents: 1) all the past memories, 2) spiritual ignorance; and 3) spiritual knowledge. Past memory does not only mean memory about today, yesterday or last year, but also memory about your childhood or even memory about your past lives. Spiritual ignorance is what makes us think that we are just physical beings even though we are all beings of energy. Spiritual ignorance is what creates negative emotions and negative thoughts such as selfishness, anger, exclusiveness, etc.

下一个维度是“智慧层”(Vijnanamaya Kosha)。智慧层是我们智慧层面的存在。它包括三部分:1)所有对于过去的记忆,2)无明和3)灵性智慧。这里所说的“对于过去的记忆”不仅指对于今天、昨天或去年发生的事情的记忆,同样也包括你对童年、甚至对前世的记忆。无明使我们认为我们只是物质的存在,而忘了我们其实都是能量的存在。


On the contrary, spiritual knowledge is basically realizing oneness of all beings. It is based on love. Earlier we mentioned that intellect is part of Manomaya Kosha. In fact, there are two kinds of intellect: 1) practical intellect, which tells us how to drive a car, how to operate a cellphone, or speak to someone, etc., and 2) spiritual intellect or higher intellect. The practical intellect is part of your mind, therefore belongs to your Manomaya Kosha, as mentioned earlier, whereas the spiritual intellect belongs to your Vijnanamay Kosha.

而相反的,灵性智慧知道所有的存在都是一个整体。灵性智慧是以爱作为基础的。前面我们讲过,智慧是精神能量层的一部分。事实上,总共有两种类型的智慧:一种是实用性的智慧,它告诉我们如何驾驶车辆、如何使用手机、如何与人谈话等等;而另一种是灵性的智慧。实用性的智慧是头脑的一部分,因此它属于精神能量层;而灵性的智慧则属于智慧层。



The fourth one is known as “Anandamaya Kosha”. It is the blissful body. “Ananda” means “bliss”, i.e. perfect sense of relaxation. For example when you are in deep sleep, no dreaming at all, you are in this state. That’s basically Anandamaya Kosha.

第四个是“喜悦层”(Anandamaya Kosha)。它是喜悦层面的存在。这里的“Ananda”是喜乐的、极乐的意思,即完全的放松状态。比如当你处于深度睡眠,完全没有做梦时,你就处于喜悦层这一状态。



In summary, Annamaya Kosha is very physical,because you can see it, touch it, etc., whereas Manomaya Kosha, Vijnanamaya Kosha and Anandamaya Kosha are subtle, because you can sense them but you can’t touch them, see them and so on. However, there is a little link between the physical thing and the subtle things. This is your energy body, known as Pranamaya Kosha. If the energy kosha is not working properly, then all the other koshas are going to be impacted. In the next article, we will talk about the energy kosha in details.

 

总的来说,肉身层是物质层面的存在,因为它是看得见、摸得着的;而精神能量层、智慧层和喜乐层都是微妙层面的存在,因为你虽然可以感觉到它们,但是它们却是看不见、摸不着的。然而,在物质的存在与微妙存在之间是有联系的,那就是我们能量层面的存在,它被称为“能量层”(Pranamaya Kosha)。如果能量层不能正常运作的话,所有其它层面也都会受到影响。在下一篇文章中,我们会更加详细地对“能量层”进行讲解。


to be continued......

未完待续......

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